Here are some common terms you may encounter when managing an Internet domain name.
[See also DNS Basics for terms related to the Domain Name System that manages the relationship between IP addresses and domains.]
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1. Domain name
A domain name (often simply called a domain) is an easy-to-remember name that’s associated with a physical IP address on the Internet. It’s the unique name that appears after the @ sign in email addresses, and after www. in web addresses.
For instance, the domain name nicenic.net might translate to the physical address 20*.91.242.2*. Other examples of domain names are google.com and wikipedia.org.
Using a domain name to identify a location on the Internet rather than the numeric IP address makes it much easier to remember and type web addresses.
* Anyone can purchase a domain name. You just go to a domain host or registrar like NiceNIC.NET, find a name no one else is using, and pay a small annual fee to own it. To register a domain name, start HERE …
A subdomain is a domain that’s part of a larger domain. For example, mail.nicenic.net and http://www.nicenic.net are both subdomains of the domain nicenic.net. Domain owners can create subdomains to provide easy-to-remember addresses for web pages or services within their top-level domain.
#2 Naked domain
A naked domain is simply a domain address without the “www” prefix, such as nicenic.net (naked) instead of http://www.nicenic.net (non-naked).
2. IP address
An Internet Protocol (IP) address is a series of numbers that identifies the physical location of a particular device on the Internet network. An IP address looks something like this: 188.8.131.52*7
3. Domain registrar
A domain registrar is a company that sells domain names that aren’t yet owned and are therefore available for registration. Most of these companies also offer domain hosting, for example NiceNIC.NET – striving to be the most SPECIAL ICANN Accredited Registrar with the BEST Services in Asia!
4. Domain host
A domain host is a company that runs the DNS servers for your domain and manages its DNS records. These include MX records for setting up NiceNIC Email accounts, CNAME records for creating web addresses, and more. Most domain hosts offer domain name registration, as well, i.e. NiceNIC.NET.
5. WHOIS directory
The WHOIS directory is a public listing of domain names, and the people or organizations associated with each name.
As a privacy measure, some domain name owners prefer to have their personal information hidden from the WHOIS directory, just as you might want your personal telephone number to be unlisted in a local telephone book.
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You can use the WHOIS directory to determine the owner of domain names and IP addresses. There are many free web-based directories available on the Internet. The information provided in the WHOIS directory includes a mailing address and a telephone number.
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